18. Meng, G., Chen, X., Wang, X., Wang, N., Peng, T., Wang, S., Isomeric Bright Sky‐Blue TADF Emitters Based on Bisacridine Decorated DBNA: Impact of Donor Locations on Luminescent and Electroluminescent Properties. Advanced Optical Materials 2019, 1900130. https://doi.org/10.1002/adom.201900130




Three isomeric boron‐containing thermally activated delayed fluorescent (TADF) emitters, namely m‐AC‐DBNA, p‐AC‐DBNA, and m′‐AC‐DBNA, are constructed by incorporating an electron‐donor acridine (AC) moiety into meta‐, para‐, or meta′‐positions of an electron‐accepting boron‐embedded rigid framework. The substitutional positions are found to dramatically affect thermal, photophysical, and electroluminescent (EL) properties. The experimental results show that the para‐substituted compound (p‐AC‐DBNA) exhibits higher decomposition temperature, higher photoluminescence (PL) quantum efficiencies, smaller singlet–triplet energy splitting, shorter delayed fluorescence lifetimes as well as a fast reverse intersystem crossing rate of over 106 s−1, compared to the meta‐isomers (m‐AC‐DBNA and m′‐AC‐DBNA). Bright and highly efficient organic light‐emitting diodes (OLEDs) with external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) up to 20.5% and 14.1% are achieved by employing p‐AC‐DBNA as doped and nondoped emitters in sky‐blue OLEDs, respectively. Moreover, excellent doping‐concentration independent EL properties and very low efficiency roll‐off at a high luminance are achieved. This isomeric strategy provides a simple method to extend structural diversity of highly efficient TADF emitters, optimize optoelectronic properties, and demonstrate the relationship of delayed fluorescence lifetime and efficiency roll‐off of the TADF devices. The three isomers also display distinct temperature‐dependent emission and mechanochromism.